Alcohol Use Disorder StatPearls NCBI Bookshelf

The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) states that in 2021, 28.6 million adults over the age of 18 in the United States experienced AUD. Choose a symptom and answer simple questions using our physician-reviewed Symptom Checker to find a possible diagnosis for your health issue. This information provides a general overview and may not apply to everyone.

Alcohol is the most widely used substance among America’s youth and can cause them enormous health and safety risks. Recognizing the early signs and risk factors for AUD can help you seek early treatment and intervention to break alcohol misuse patterns. They may also use blood tests to assess your overall health, paying special attention to areas of the body most impacted by alcohol, including the brain and other parts of the nervous system, as well as the heart and liver.

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Talk to your family doctor to find out if this information applies to you and to get more information on this subject. Once you have found a treatment that is effective for you, it’s important to stick to that treatment. Also, it’s helpful to avoid situations that involve a lot of alcohol. For more information about alcohol and cancer, please visit the National Cancer Institute’s webpage “Alcohol and Cancer Risk” (last accessed October 21, 2021). Drinking alcohol excessively can affect the quality of his sperm.

  • Following diagnosis, a healthcare professional will work with a person to determine the best course of treatment.
  • Not every person will experience each stage and not everyone who consumes alcohol will develop alcohol use disorder (AUD).
  • Because denial is common, you may feel like you don’t have a problem with drinking.

Excessive alcohol intake can disrupt the balance of microbes in the gut. Administration of probiotics may improve intestinal function and help prevent liver disease. Additionally, alcohol may cause inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract. This can impair absorption of essential nutrients, particularly vitamin B1 (thiamine). Research is ongoing to determine the benefits of natural therapies on the prevention of complications from AUD.


If you think there is a significant topic missing, please say what you think it is and provide evidence. The survey will ask you to select the chapter you would like to answer questions on from a drop-down list. The questions will repeat for each chapter you select from the list. In several studies on naltrexone, the drug did not show efficacy in women, suggesting that further study of the drug’s efficacy in women is warranted.

alcohol misuse

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